Grade 12 Course Information

Below you will find information that comes from the teachers themselves about the courses offered at Brentwood at the Grade 12 level. This information does not attempt to give you details about the topics or units covered, rather it tries to provide insight into what you will be doing on a regular basis allowing you to make a determination about whether it is appropriate for you or not.

English Course Options

Grade 12 students take either English Studies 12 OR Literary Studies 12 OR AP English Literature & Composition 12. If students elect to take one of the Literature courses, they also work to gain credit for English Studies 12.

English Studies 12

  • All English courses are explorations of text, story, and ideas by reading, writing, and speaking. The usual gamut of English class action: essays, journals, debates, critical prose, persuasive speeches, personal anecdote, synthesis, etc. Bring a pen, Holmes!

  • B.C. Ministry Credit Awarded: English Studies 12 (ENST 12)

Literary Studies 12 / AP English Literature & Composition 12

Literary Studies 12

    • All English courses are explorations of text, story, and ideas by reading, writing, and speaking.

    • Literary Studies 12 students will cover all the English Studies 12 curriculum by examining the English canon from Beowulf to Virginia Woolf.

    • Because the bulk of time in Literary Studies 12 is devoted to studying the classic texts (do not take this class if you hate poetry or have no soul), it is not a good home for students who need more practice writing grammatical and lucid English. Folks who find English a challenge and struggled to earn a ‘B’ in English 11 will find English Studies 12 a more profitable environment.

    • The Literary Studies 12 exam is an open-book & and open notes experience, so memorization of quotes is not required for that paper.

    • B.C. Ministry Credit Awarded: Literary Studies 12 (LTST 12) in addition to English Studies 12 (ENST 12)

AP English Literature & Composition

    • AP Literature students will cover all the English Studies 12 and Literary Studies 12 curricula, plus write many analysis papers on unfamiliar texts as well as texts they are preparing -- with many quotes by memory -- for the May exam.

    • This is an honours course for kids who really dig English. AP 11 students who enjoyed that experience should seriously consider it. Kids who struggle to meet deadlines should stay away. It requires more reading and much more critical writing than English Studies 12, but is the spiritual home for folk who love the written word.

    • AP Literature students should be keen readers and unafraid of writing under timed conditions.

    • B.C. Ministry Credit Awarded: AP English Literature & Composition 12 (APELC 12) in addition to English Studies 12 (ENST 12)

NOTE: These course cannot replace English Studies 12 for post-secondary admissions purposes.

elective Course Options

20th Century World History 12

  • This course is designed to build competencies of collaboration, communication, critical thinking and creative thinking while exploring the dominant themes of nationalism, imperialism, technological developments and conflict in the 20th century.

  • Learning activities will include:

    • forum discussions in which students role play as delegates from nations or political groups showing different perspectives.

    • analysis of political cartoons and documents

    • oral presentations on significant events, people and big ideas

  • Reading in support of the course curriculum is essential. There will be enrichment activities requiring research and citing skills. Students must be willing to speak in class and advocate a political perspective.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: 20th Century World History 12 (WH 12)

Advanced Topics in Math 12

  • The main topics covered in this course include:

    • An Introduction to the central principles in Linear Algebra

    • Calculus II: we cover several of the trickier parts of AP Calculus BC (students can request to take AP Calculus BC)

    • An introduction to Number Theory

  • We also spend time exploring the idea of a mathematical proof and wrestle with many fascinating and challenging math problems. Students we use algebra, graphing, technology, visualization and graphing to solve various mathematical problems. Desmos, Geogebra and Matrix calculators are frequently used in class.

  • Students who love math and have the necessary prerequisites are encouraged to enrol. This course is highly recommended for students pursuing post-secondary studies that are math-heavy. It is perfectly suited for students pursuing engineering, computer science, physics, chemistry, finance and actuarial science, but also useful for students who really enjoy math.

  • Course Pre-requisite: Pre-Calculus 12 with at least 80%; Calculus 12 must be completed concurrently, at least.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: AP Calculus BC 12 (APCAL 12A)

Anatomy & Physiology 12

  • The main topics that this course covers include:

    • Biological molecules; metabolism and enzymes; the regulation of the body’s internal environment; transport across a cell membranes.

    • DNA replication; gene expression; proteins and their relationship to the structure and function of all cells; genomics and biotechnology; micro to macro organization

    • Organ systems; their structure and function, and interdependence; maintenance of homeostasis

  • Learning activities will run from simple fill-in-the-blanks assignments to complex case studies. And students have to be VERY comfortable with multiple-choice questions on tests and exams.

  • Observational labs such as microscope work and drawing or dissections (brain, heart, maybe fetal pig) will occur.

  • There is a huge amount of content; students can expect to increase their vocabulary by more than 3000 words. There is quite a bit of chemistry in the first couple of months. To achieve success a student must be disciplined and motivated to undertake considerable review, more like an intensive social studies course than like practising chemistry or physics problems.

  • Life Sciences 11 is not a course pre-requisite, nor is Chemistry 11, but it is highly recommended that students taken it to be comfortable with the amount of biochemistry involved.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: Anatomy and Physiology 12 (ATPH 12)

AP Art History 12

  • This course considers what artworks are, how they are made and why they are important to us. It also undertakes the challenge of analyzing art from a variety of cultural and historical perspectives.

  • The course is lecture-based, with frequent group discussion encouraged. Assignments may include tests and short essays, research-oriented reading with analysis of both content and method, the AP exam in May (which consists of multiple-choice questions and topical essay prompts), and a guided and self-directed inquiry-based research and writing essay in June.

  • This course entails a lot of language! Terms from many languages (Greek, Latin, Italian, French, etc.) are part of this discipline, as well as specialist language related to technique in areas such as architecture, painting, printmaking, sculpture and other disciplines, from all over the world. Memorization of language and imagery is essential; this will require attention to slideshows in the form of notes, reading and frequent review. Things that will help: a readiness to engage in group discussion, ask questions, tell stories and critically question sources. A passion for art in all of its forms is also a plus.

  • Students may find that this course overlaps usefully with studies in studio art, applied design, literature, comparative cultures, psychology, philosophy, human geography, world history, and other humanities-oriented studies that engage the role of culture in human development. Students with an interest in visual arts or design often find that this course helps to expand their understanding of visual culture.

  • Course pre-requisite: it is recommended that students complete a regular senior social studies prior to taking this course.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: AP History of Art 12 (APAR 12)

AP Biology 12

  • The main ideas covered in this course include:

    • The process of evolution drives the diversity and unity of life

    • Biological systems use energy and molecular building blocks to grow, reproduce, and maintain dynamic homeostasis.

    • Living systems store, retrieve, transmit, and respond to information essential to life processes.

    • Biological systems interact, and these systems and their interactions exhibit complex properties.

  • There is an emphasis on hands on activities such as experiments, projects and field work to develop science skills and thinking. The course includes a trip to the Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre on the Island’s West coast to study the ecology of the intertidal zone.

  • A basic understanding of biological molecules, cell processes including DNA and genetics is required. A course such as AP Biology 11 or Anatomy & Physiology 12 provides a good background.

  • Prior experiences in handling microscopes, doing dissection work and handling data are all helpful but not essential.

  • Course pre-requisite: AP Biology 11

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: AP Biology 12 (APBIO 12)

Calculus 12 / AP Calculus AB 12

Calculus 12

    • Calculus deals with three big ideas:

      • Change: We can explore rates of change or the accumulated change in a variety of contexts including real-world applications and abstract scenarios.

      • Limits: We can examine the idea of an instantaneous rate of change and other concepts by using the idea of a limit.

      • Functions: We can analyze the behaviours of functions by relating limits to differentiation and integration, and relating each of these concepts to the others.

    • Students will solve problems using algebra, graphs, and technology. Any student pursuing studies in the STEM fields or commerce should seriously consider having experience with calculus before entering university. Student success is correlated to mathematical curiosity and work ethic. Calculus is demanding; a very strong foundation in Pre-Calculus 11 is necessary for success in calculus.

    • B.C. Ministry Credit Awarded: Calculus 12 (CALC 12)

AP Calculus AB 12

    • The two calculus courses cover essentially all the same topics, but the AP class goes at a faster pace in order to cover the material prior to the AP exam in May. The AP course is slightly more demanding given the AP approach.

    • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: AP Calculus AB 12 (APCAL 12)

  • Course Pre-requisite: for both courses, Pre-Calculus 12 must be completed concurrently, at least. AP Calculus AB tends to attract those students who have completed Pre-Calculus 12 already.

Chemistry 12 / AP Chemistry 12

Chemistry 12

    • The main units of the course include: Reaction Kinetics; Dynamic Equilibrium; Solubility; Acids & Bases; and Electrochemistry.

    • If a student puts time into learning this material, they will find themselves equipped for any university science work in the years to come. The concepts a student learns, being so seminal, have been taught much the same way, in much the same order for at least 50 years.

    • If there was one course in all of the senior high school curricula that teach a student concepts and knowledge they cannot easily get anywhere else, including from textbooks, it would be Chemistry 12. This course demands a student be able to read for information in dense word problems, write specific descriptions of theory discussed in class that cannot be vague, be able to navigate a scientific calculator using exponential notation, orders of operations, base 10 logarithms and be able to attach scientific meaning to all of them. Usually, students spend the year either honing their math skills to come up to standard, or their written descriptive skills to answer theory questions; students are seldom sufficiently gifted in both areas in September.

    • Chemistry 12, being so cumulative in nature, requires students to be in class as much as they possibly can, and checking in at least every two days, as a missed lesson or two can, and often does, sap from a well-meaning student’s proper understanding even months later in a new unit. Cramming the night before for assessments in this course almost never works, either; the pattern in the material is too intricate.

    • Testing usually involves several quizzes and lab reports throughout the term, with cumulative or unit tests at least five times over the course of the year.

    • Course pre-requisite: Chemistry 11, at 80%+ is highly recommended.

    • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: Chemistry 12 (CH 12)

AP Chemistry 12

    • In addition to the units covered in Chemistry 12, the AP version adds: Thermodynamics and Applications of Thermodynamics. AP is faster paced than regular Chemistry 12. It is also deeper in complexity in some units.

    • Students need to be prepared for many notes with great detail, possibly the most of any high school course. They will engage in problem solving for open-ended theory, multiple-choice calculation and guided inquiry investigations.

    • There will be many lab experiments, both guided and unguided, in addition to the usual suite of quizzes, unit tests and cumulative tests.

    • Solid algebra skills are important: formulae, rearrangement of formulae, substitution of variables, and calculation with proper presentation skills on paper are employed regularly

    • Students in high-performance/demanding sports and arts need to be very organized when taking this course, as there is no such thing as making up for a missed class in content-based courses. Be you the most talented student in the grade, or the regular average hard worker, you cannot fudge this course.

    • Course pre-requisite: AP Chemistry 11, at 80%+ is highly recommended.

    • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: AP Chemistry 12 (APCHE 12) and Chemistry 12 (CH 12) can also be granted based on progress on regular topics.

Comparative Cultures 12

  • This course deals with the following ideas:

    • Understanding cultural diversity and expression.

    • Geographical and environmental impacts on the development complex cultures.

    • A systematic study of religions and value systems and belief systems shape power structures within a culture.

    • Expression of culture is influenced by many forces.

  • Learning in this course happens through group discussions, reading and analyses, guided and self-directed inquiry projects. You will be expected to examine cultural artefacts, traditions and practices, religions, and cultural conflicts and analyze topics such as cultural appropriation and prepare essays with citations to support ideas.

  • You must have a willingness to engage in discussions, share ideas, ask questions, and examine sources (written, visual, virtual, etc.), to build knowledge and understanding is required through reading and engaging.

  • This course is suited to those who are genuinely curious about the many aspects of culture and the forces that influence and shape them.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: Comparative Cultures 12 (CMCL 12)

AP Comparative Government & Politics 12

  • This course attempts to answer questions such as: Who has power? Why? How do they wield it? Is it democratic? How is that assessed? What structures are in place to hold or share power?

  • Through the lens of 6 countries (UK, Nigeria, China, Russia, Iran, Mexico) you will explore these big ideas alongside other political junkies.

  • Much of the course is discussion based: seminars, current events discussions, presentations, guest speakers. Exams will follow the AP format to help prepare you for the cumulative exam in May. This format is similar to what you will encounter in post-secondary settings.

  • This course will help you better understand global political questions and ensure you are an informed citizen of the world who can apply a critical and informed perspective on political issues. The most important quality you can bring is a profound interest in politics and governance.

  • There is considerable reading, so skill in note-taking and summarizing material is helpful.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: AP Comparative Government & Politics 12 (APCGP 12)

  • Course pre-requisite: it is recommended that students complete a regular senior social studies, such as Political Studies 12, prior to taking this course.

AP Computer Science Principles 12

  • The course deals with these ideas:

    • How the internet works: you get a chance to invent it.

    • Data representation techniques, big data, security, cryptography, and cybercrime

    • Computer programming

  • There will be online labs and small research projects requiring concise summary writing, also group projects that require collaborative work. Through these different modalities you will learn:

    • How the internet actually works

    • How the real world is modelled within a computer environment

    • Computer security issues, cryptography techniques, and cybercrimes

    • Computer coding techniques using block and hand coded environment to create simple programs and complex web based apps. The language used to deliver the coding instruction is javascript, a core language of the web and useful in many other different environments.

  • You should have an interest in learning about the technological world you live in and an inquisitive mind is an asset. Solving problems is a core aspect of this course, but the problems are diverse and span all the topics mentioned.

  • There is no requirement for previous experience, coding modules assume no prior knowledge, neither do the internet or data modelling modules. All concepts are taught from scratch and built up in layers.

  • The College Board evaluation for the AP score involves completing two in-class performance tasks during the course and a multiple choice exam in May.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: AP Computer Science Principles 12 (APCSP 12)

Contemporary Indigenous Studies 12

  • This course provides you with an exposure to contemporary Indigenous cultures and societies, as well as historical political and social topics. As we navigate along our journey toward Truth and Reconciliation, you will seek to develop a sophisticated and informed understanding of the relationship between Indigenous Canadians and non-Indigenous Canadians.

  • This course relies on experiential learning and authentic tasks. Be ready to participate in canoeing, paint, attend a sweat lodge, go to a demonstration at the BC Legislature, tour the Royal BC Museum, and host special guests on campus.

  • You will be required to participate in class discussions, read a novel, do group projects and brush up on your current events.

  • When wondering if this course is for you, please consider the following:

    • Do you have an open mind?

    • Are you willing to reflect and consider new information versus just debate it?

    • Are you willing to examine your own biases and perspectives?

    • Are you willing to be an active participant? This discussion-based class is not a sit and take notes sort of course.

    • Are you okay not having major unit tests? This course consists of many smaller pieces of assessment.

  • Your ability to assess significance from a variety of sources/textual material is important. Your ability to manage frequent homework and pieces of assessment, versus infrequent/bigger assessments like unit tests is important. You will need to be organized with your resources since we do not use a textbook and you’ll accumulate many e + text materials.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: Contemporary Indigenous Studies 12 (INST 12)

Creative Writing 12

  • The course is devoted to the kinds of writing that there is often not time for in traditional English classes: screenwriting, short stories, poems, dialogue, journalling, film reviews, etc.

  • There is no critical writing in this course as that skill is covered in English Studies 12 / Literary Studies 12 / AP English Literature.

  • This course is not classroom-based. Students receive monthly tasks and plan their own schedules to complete them. Late work is not tolerated.

  • This course cannot replace English Studies 12 in your course selections of for post-secondary admissions purposes.

  • Course pre-requisite: Creative Writing 12 is open to TEN Grade 12 Brentwood students, by application only. Grades 11s apply for a position by entering both poetry and short fiction for the Melhuish III contest in their Grade 11 year and by expressing their interest to Mr. Collis.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: Creative Writing 12 (CRWR 12)

Entrepreneurship 12

  • This course will allow the students to become fully immersed into both the theory and practical aspects of entrepreneurship.

  • Along with a large amount of theory being covered during the year, the students will immediately face the challenge of proposing, developing, and actually running a small business for a brief period of time. With little funding, experience or assistance, students will face some very interesting challenges and situations. Later in the year students will be required to develop create a much larger and more complex business venture and then implement that venture during the annual Brentwood Regatta in April.

  • We also complete a number of case studies and look closely at the construction of a complete Business Plan and cover some of the basics of Financial Accounting.

  • Both the positive and negative aspects of cooperative and competitive teamwork will be experienced by all participants, so those students that are not comfortable working in teams and competing with others will really have to stretch themselves out of their comfort zones to find success in this course.

  • Students should come into the class with a willingness to work with others and leave externalities at the door. The ability to learn from both their mistakes and the mistakes of others is paramount, and students will need to be able to handle constructive criticism from their peers. Professionalism in the workplace is an expectation when you arrive, it's business, after all.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: Entrepreneurship 12 (ENT 12)

AP Environmental Science 12

  • This course will be focused on the following:

    • ENERGY TRANSFER: Energy conversions underlie all ecological processes.

    • INTERACTIONS BETWEEN EARTH SYSTEMS: The Earth is one interconnected system. Natural systems change over time and space. Biogeochemical systems vary in ability to recover from disturbances.

    • INTERACTIONS BETWEEN DIFFERENT SPECIES AND THE ENVIRONMENT: Humans alter natural systems and have had an impact on the environment for millions of years.

    • SUSTAINABILITY: Human survival depends on developing practices that will achieve sustainable systems.

  • Students attend a multi-day field trip to the Bamfield Marine Sciences centre to study the ecology of the intertidal zone. Science practices such as observation, experimentation and data collection are emphasized there and through shorter field excursions during the year.

  • Students are encouraged to draw from current events to illustrate environmental issues and principles such as sustainable solutions to energy and waste management. The course prepares students for the AP exam via lectures, workbook activities and projects. The final weeks of the year are devoted to personalized projects that make use of an outdoor “learning lab” close by the school.

  • There are no prerequisites for this course but an interest in natural systems and environmental issues provides a helpful background.

  • Students have the opportunity to develop critical and scientific thinking skills as well as to explore a wide range of interconnected topics. The course assists in building a framework of knowledge and concepts that provides a basis from which to examine complex ideas.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: AP Environmental Science 12 (APENS 12)

Financial Accounting 12

  • In this course, students will learn to:

    • apply basic accounting principles and understand accounting cycles

    • understand and apply proper internal control systems in the management of a business

    • evaluate the financial system of a business by analyzing financial statements

    • develop an understanding of stock market activity and terminology

  • There is a heavy emphasis on learning through case studies. First term focuses on understanding and building financial statements. As the year progresses, larger emphasis on analysis and critical thinking

  • Strong math and organizational skills an asset but by no means a prerequisite. Students must have a willingness to be prepared for class and engage in discussions will be a significant success driver.

  • This course is valuable for managing and understanding your own life as a business

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: Financial Accounting 12

Foundations of Mathematics 12

  • This course is built around the idea: “If you never took a math course again, what should you know?”

  • Foundations 12 builds an understanding of graphs, probability, statistics, finance, and geometry that helps us make informed decisions about our social, financial, and intellectual lives in the world beyond Brentwood.

  • Many projects are based around real-world applications: figuring out how long it will take to pay off a mortgage for your dream house, investing in the stock market, and analyzing trends using real data; students are introduced to online apps that help them with everything from managing their finances to making math-based art. The Casino Night in December rounds off the probability unit by giving you an “inside look” at the mathematics of gambling.

  • Students who have traditionally found math to be tricky often find success in Foundations 12 when they bring a positive attitude coupled with a willingness to ask for help when it’s needed.

  • Knowing how to use a calculator (scientific or graphing) for operations with fractions, decimals, and percents is a boon.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: Foundations of Mathematics 12 (FOM 12)

French 12

  • Learning another language is a wonderful opportunity to connect with another culture and group of people. It opens doors for communication, further study and volunteer and employment opportunities.

  • We will target all areas of language competency: reading, writing, speaking, listening using an acquisition model. This means emphasis is on acquiring language versus learning “about” the language through grammar drills and vocabulary lists.

  • Activities will include novel studies (mostly done via Reader’s Theatre), cultural investigations, personal and formal writing, interactive games, dictées. We will extend our learning outside the classroom with a cooking class and regular visits to a local French Immersion elementary school.

  • This is an engaging and fun class where you will have many opportunities to use and extend your language acquisition through unique and varied activities.

  • Course Pre-requisite: the equivalent of French 11. This course is the terminal course for students in the Core French stream.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: Core French 12 (FR 12)

AP French Language 12

  • This is a very interactive class in which you will develop all your language skills and learn about a variety of topics related to the francophone culture. You will leave this course with significant understanding of French language and culture preparing you for further educational or employment opportunities.

  • The course provide opportunities to expand and refine all your previous language skills and is an excellent opportunity to explore the francophone culture.

  • Learning activities include:

    • Listening and reading comprehension, writing and oral activities

    • There is a cultural project work at the end of each unit and a francophone film.

    • Novel reading

    • Debates

  • Course Pre-requisite: Recommended for current Brentwood students who have completed Immersion French; for new Brentwood students with significant immersion or francophone background.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: AP French Language 12 (APFRL 12)

Geology 12

  • The main ideas covered in the course include:

    • Minerals, rocks, and earth materials: their classification, formation, and structure over time, and their uses.

    • Earth’s geological and biological history: how rock structure and fossil evidence is examined and interpreted.

    • Plate tectonic theory: everything from volcanos to earthquakes.

    • Weathering and erosion processes

  • Course work will include examination of physical specimens, geological formations, maps, and various modelling techniques. Students will have the opportunity to get out into the field to supplement their learning of geological concepts and practices.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: Geology 12 (GEOL 12)

Human Geography 12

Human Geography 12

    • The main ideas that this course covers involve:

      • demographic patterns of growth, decline, and movement

      • relationships between cultural traits, use of physical space, and impacts on the environment

      • global agricultural practices

      • industrialization, trade, and natural resource demands

      • factors behind increased urbanization and its influence on societies and environments

      • relationships between natural resources and patterns of population settlement and economic development

      • political organization of geographic regions

    • Learning activities will involve group discussions, reading analyses, and guided and self-directed inquiry projects. As the year progresses, larger emphasis will be placed on analysis and critical thinking.

    • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: Human Geography 12 (HGEO 12)

Law Studies 12

  • Law 12 is designed to give Brentwood students a broad exposure to the fundamentals of Canadian Law and ongoing opportunities to enhance and apply this knowledge in practical ways. Traditional legal subjects such as criminal law, torts and contracts will be examined, while students also gain knowledge and insight into the important and relevant topics of constitutional, human rights, aboriginal and family law.

  • Through simulated trials and appeals, 20+ guest speakers, visits to local Law Courts and the Law School, together with ongoing advice, assistance and support from the instructor, students can access a window into the possibilities and challenges of a career in or associated with law. Learning how to think critically and solve problems given relevant case law is highly emphasized in this course.

  • Both written and oral advocacy skills will be developed and assessed. (If you don’t like to write yourself to clarity, with neither too many nor too few words, you won’t like this course.)

  • Whatever side of the moral and political spectrum you arrive with, you will be nudged to defend your ideas, once you’ve been given a new means with which to do so.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: Law Studies 12 (LST 12)

AP Macroeconomics 12

  • The big ideas of this course include understanding economic measurements, markets, macro models and macro policies. Once you complete this course you will understand all that stuff you hear about in the news: GDP, inflation, interest rates, unemployment rates, fiscal and monetary policies, foreign exchange and bonds, and, most importantly, how all of it impacts your life.

  • We use videos, powerpoints, podcasts, graphs, news articles, class discussions, a few hands-on activities and constant problem-solving as we learn new concepts. Our assessments are closely aligned to the final AP exam, so you will have lots of practice and feel quite comfortable going into the mandatory AP exam. After the May AP exam you will complete an independent study project.

  • You will be expected to stay on top of your work every night. You are given preview videos, then we cover the material together the next day and then you are expected to review that night. There may be times where a Sunday session is necessary.

  • This is also a great course for any debaters or for those who have a passion for global or social studies. While strong math skills are not a necessity (they sure help though), students must have the ability to read a graph and think logically.

  • If students are keen to take both AP courses in economics, it is advised that you take this course before AP Microeconomics as students are not allowed to take them both in the same year.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: AP Macroeconomics 12 (APMA 12)

Mandarin 12

  • Mandarin is the second most commonly spoken language in the world; China is one of the fastest growing world economies. Learning Mandarin is an opportunity to connect with Chinese culture and people, and being able to speak Mandarin will open doors for one's career.

  • All the areas of language competency are covered. Students will learn stories, watch videos, listen to audio recordings, work with worksheets and interact (for example, through a trip to Chinatown) to develop their listening, speaking, reading and writing skills.

  • Course Pre-requisite: the equivalent of Mandarin 11. Students should have completed at least three years of learning Mandarin. The course is designed for students who have developed a vocabulary of at least seven hundred words.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: Mandarin 12 (MAN 12)

AP Microeconomics 12

  • This course is about the choices of buyers (that’s you!) and sellers who determine market prices and the allocation of resources. You will learn about making optimal business decisions based on costs and benefits, using marginal analysis, as well as learning how to minimize costs and maximize profits which influence production decisions. Finally, you will learn about market inefficiencies and how well-designed public policies promote greater efficiency and equity. Macroeconomics looks at global and national economies whereas microeconomics looks at firms and industries.

  • We use videos, powerpoints, podcasts, graphs, news articles, class discussions, more graphs, a few hands-on activities and constant problem-solving as we learn new concepts... and we draw a lot of graphs. Our assessments are closely aligned to the final AP exam, so you will have lots of practice and feel quite comfortable going into the mandatory AP exam. After the May AP exam you will complete an independent study project.

  • You will be expected to stay on top of your work every night. You are given preview videos, then we cover the material together the next day and then you are expected to review that night. There may be times where a Sunday session is necessary.

  • This is also a great course for potential entrepreneurs. While strong math skills are not a necessity (they sure help though), students must have the ability to read a graph and think logically. If students are keen to take both AP courses in economics, it is advised that you take this course after AP Macroeconomics as students are not allowed to take them both in the same year.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: AP Microeconomics 12 (APMI 12)

AP Music Theory 12

  • Music Theory is a must for any serious musician. Students wishing to further their knowledge of music theory, or those wishing to continue their studies in music post Brentwood, would benefit by taking this course. The course covers the requirements for the AP Music Theory Exam held in May.

  • This course includes: music fundamentals, melodic dictation, harmonic dictation, contextual listening, sight singing, stylistic composition, figured bass, melodic harmonization, and visual analysis techniques.

  • Course Pre-requisites: Students who take this course should have had some background in music studies up to intermediate level of study. The equivalent of basic elementary rudiments or at least 3 years of instrumental or vocal study are a prerequisite for taking this course.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: AP Music Theory 12 (APMU 12)

Physical Geography 12

  • The course deals with the following main topics:

    • The structure and function of natural systems

    • The connections between the various spheres of our planet

    • Natural disasters and their impact on human and natural systems

    • Climate and weather and their impact on natural systems

    • Natural resources and sustainability

  • Learning activities will focus on group discussions, reading analyses, guided and self-directed inquiry projects. As the year progresses, larger emphasis on analysis and critical thinking. The students will get an opportunity to explore the different concepts of the curriculum and present their findings in small and large group settings.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: Physical Geography 12 (PGEO 12)

Physics 12

  • The main ideas covered in this course include:

    • Measurement of motion depends on our frame of reference.

    • Forces can cause linear and circular motion.

    • Forces and energy interactions occur within fields.

    • Momentum is conserved within a closed and isolated system.

  • This course builds on ideas and skills developed in Physics 11, and topics covered in a rigorous mathematical manner include: vector analysis, relativity, statics, momentum, energy, circular motion, gravitational forces, electrostatics and electromagnetism.

  • The goals of this course will be met by carrying out mostly paired or group activities in class such as: discussions, exploratory investigations, experimental design, projects and presentations. It has a faster pace than the foundational physics 11 course. In order to stay on top of the course, students will have to be very disciplined in completing in a timely manner all work assigned.

  • The approach is highly mathematical and students are expected to have strong math skills.

  • Course prerequisite: Physics 11

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: Physics 12 (PH 12)

AP Physics 12

  • AP Physics 12 builds on the work in AP Physics 11 and continues to focus on concepts involving forces and fields, energy conservation, and systems of particles. These concepts are reflected in the study of fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, electrostatics, circuits, electromagnetism, waves, optics, rotational motion, and modern physics.

  • Physics is all about understanding what we observe around us in our physical world, so a lot of what is learned is through the exploration and discussion of demonstrations and activities. Problem solving, both individually and in groups, is a huge part of the course. And since this is as much a language course as it is a science course, expressing your understanding, both verbally and in writing, will be a critical component of learning in AP Physics.

  • You need to enjoy understanding physical phenomena, applying your mathematical skill to that understanding, and engaging with others to ensure that you can articulate your understanding effectively. At the very minimum, the course will help you impress people at cocktail parties. If done well, this course will set you on a path to confidently transition into any physical science or engineering program anywhere!

  • You must have completed AP Physics 11 and Pre-Calculus 11 and done very well in both. You must be more than comfortable with your math skills as they will be employed daily and assumed to be highly proficient.

  • Taking the AP Physics 2 exam is a course requirement.

  • Course pre-requisites: AP Physics 11, Pre-Calculus 11; Course co-requisites: Pre-Calculus 12

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: AP Physics 2 Honours 12 (APPHH 12) and potentially AP Physics 1 Honours 11 (APPHH 11) if the AP exam for AP Physics 1 is taken in addition to the AP Physics 2 exam.

Political Studies 12

  • The main ideas explored in the course include:

    • Understanding how political decisions are made is critical to being an informed and engaged citizen.

    • Political institutions and ideology shape both the exercise of power and the nature of political outcomes.

    • Decision making in a democratic system of government is influenced by the distribution of political and social power.

  • The class will stimulate learning through class discussions, portfolios on political issues, examinations of global political issues, analyses of political philosophies, MUN-style simulations, and political speech analysis and presentations.

  • This course explores international and Canadian issues, requires reading of political philosophy and current-events style texts, and requires active communication (both oral and written).

  • An interest in politics (both theory and practice), and a passion for researching, discussing, thinking and writing about political issues are required for success.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: Political Studies 12 (PLST 12)

Pre-Calculus 12

  • Pre-Calculus 12 focuses on the idea of the function, in particular, polynomial rational, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. The idea of a transformation and applying transformations to functions figures heavily.

  • A student taking Pre-Calculus 12 should be taking it because they were successful in Pre-Calculus 11 (greater than 80%) AND they anticipate being able to obtain an 80% in Pre-Calculus 12. If a student needs Pre-Calculus 12 for their post-secondary admissions then a mark less than 80% in Pre-Calculus 12 will be a detriment to their admissions.

  • Prerequisite Course: A minimum of 80% in Pre-Calculus 11 is highly recommended

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: Pre-Calculus 12 (PREC 12)

AP Psychology 12

  • AP Psychology is designed to introduce you to the scientific study of the behaviour and mental processes of human beings.

  • The topics covered include: scientific background to psychology, cognition, biological bases of behaviour, sleep and dreams, sensation and perception, learning, motivation, emotion and personality, developmental psychology, clinical psychology, and social psychology.

  • You will expand your understanding of yourself and the people around you. It won’t be easy, but I promise you, it will be worth it. After our class, you’ll never see or analyze your world the same way again. You’ll learn to think with a psychological lens—with curiosity, skepticism, and humility. Whether you choose to pursue a career in psychology or in some entirely different field, you will find value in this course.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: AP Psychology 12 (APPSY 12)

AP Research 12

  • As the ultimate in academic classes, this will prepare students for conducting original research for any discipline at the university level. This course will prepare you for the rigours of 3rd and 4th year courses.

  • Students choose their topics and explore large research projects on topics of their own interest. Any subject area and research style are possible.

  • There is NO AP exam; rather, students write one paper and do one presentation for AP credit.

  • Course Pre-requisite: Students must take AP Seminar and achieve a score of 3 or higher

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: AP Capstone Research 12 (APCR 12)

Social Justice 12

  • This course focuses on these fundamental ideas:

    • Social justice issues are interconnected, and individual world-views shape and inform our understanding of social justice issues.

    • The causes of social injustice are complex and have lasting impacts on society, but social justice initiatives can transform individuals and systems.

  • Learning activities will include small group and large group discussions, inquiry projects, and a year end Action Project. Through investigations into and reflections on intersectionality, privilege and power, LGBTQ2 issues, Indigenous awareness, and gender equality, to name a few, students will be challenged to step outside their comfort zone and work in their stretch or risk zones. Thus, students must bring an openness to challenge their current mindset to have an open and growth mindset.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: Social Justice 12 (SJ 12)

Spanish 12

  • The course explores at the connection between language and culture while providing the opportunity to improve all language skills in a very interactive way.

  • Student develop their skills in reading and listening comprehension, and in writing and oral communication.

  • We learn through reading novels that include all the grammatical structures necessary to become an expert communicator. Activities will include the analysis of films and documentaries in Spanish. There will be cultural projects at the end of each unit.

  • There will be plenty of opportunities to refine all your previous language skills. At the same time, the course will afford you the chance to explore rich hispanic cultures from around the world.

  • Course Pre-requisite: the equivalent of Spanish 11

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: Spanish 12 (SP 12)

AP Spanish Language 12

  • This is a very interactive class in which you will develop all your language skills and learn about a variety of topics related to the hispanic culture. You will leave this course with significant understanding of Spanish language and culture preparing you for further educational or employment opportunities.

  • The course provide opportunities to expand and refine all your previous language skills

  • Learning activities include:

    • Listening and reading comprehension, writing and oral activities

    • There is a cultural project work at the end of each unit and a francophone film.

    • Novel reading

    • Debates

  • Course Pre-requisite: Recommended for current Brentwood students who have completed Spanish 12

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: AP Spanish Language 12 (APSLA 12)

Note: In the past, when the number of students who selected AP Spanish Language were too low, students completed the course requirements while enrolled in the Spanish 12 class.

AP Studio Art 12

  • This course presents students with the challenge of researching, defining, producing, assessing, refining and reflecting a body of work in the fields of art and/or design.

  • This course is studio-based, with time spent in active, self-guided studio work during both the academic (morning) class time and an art afternoon commitment (beyond regular Brentwood Arts requirements). Instruction consists of broadly defined assignments, individual coaching, and guided group critique. Additional instruction is occasionally provided to provide exemplars from the worlds of art and design, outline technical issues related to art-making or curatorial practice, or to discuss post-secondary paths and career opportunities related to art and design. The final ‘exam’ for this course takes the form of an adjudicated portfolio submission.

  • Students should only take this class if they are passionate about making, feel comfortable in a studio environment and are capable of self-directed, inquiry-based learning. Students should be prepared to find time in their schedules for several hours per week of independent studio work above and beyond the time commitments already listed. It will be very challenging to find success in this course without a strong routine.

  • Course Pre-requisite: Application, portfolio submission, and interview with course instructor, Mr. Luna. Entry into the course is selective as enrolment is limited.

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: AP 2-D Design Portfolio 12 (AP2DP 12)

AP United States History 12

  • Get ready for a wild ride as we explore America starting with Columbus and ending with Bush! This course covers 1491 to basically now. The Mayflower, The War of Independence, Slavery, Civil War, Vietnam, Watergate and 9/11 are just some of the topics covered.

  • Be prepared to study nine units between September and May. In each unit, expect to practice your skills at answering multiple choice questions, document analysis, essay writing, and note taking. Most classes consist of a lecture, an ‘activity’ such as a source analysis, and time to work on your guided reading packages. Images, Maps, Movie and video clips are thrown in, too! Expect note taking during lectures, but you won’t have to suffer through long and exhausting powerpoint slides!

  • This course is not hard, but it does require a lot of your time outside of class. Please reconsider registering if you do not feel like you can devote regular and extra prep. Once students fall behind in this course, it is difficult to get caught up since we pace it as a first year university course; therefore, you may want to wait till Grade 12 to take it. On the other hand, all the very keen Grade 11s who have completed it thrived and scored well on the big exam!

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: AP U.S. History 12 (APUSH 12)

AP World History 12

  • In this course, students will investigate significant events, individuals, developments, and processes from 1200 to the present. Six themes help students explore history and make connections among historical developments in different times and places: humans and the environment, cultural developments and interactions, governance, economic systems, social interactions and organization, and technology and innovation.

  • This primarily discussion-based course will also require students to analyze artefacts and primary source texts, complete written assignments, and engage in project work. 2-3 hours of reading per week will be required.

  • This is a fast-paced course, aimed at providing a thematic overview of world history. Heading into the humanities? Take this course. Going the sciences route? Take this course! (you may not have another chance to learn this much about world history)

  • Students need to be able to read complex texts well and for understanding (not just content); be able to express yourself clearly and concisely in writing; be willing and open to participating in and contributing to group discussions and to asking a lot of questions; be curious about the past and how humanity has arrived at the place it currently finds itself; be seeking answers to some pretty big questions….

  • B.C. Ministry Course Credit: AP World History 12 (APWH 12)